Laminate floors are constructed using layers of several different materials. The following components make up the 4 laminate layers.
Laminate floors come with cores ranging from 6mm up to 12mm. A thicker core is more stable, less vulnerable to buckling and will sound more like real hardwood when walked on. Good quality cores are treated with water repellent chemicals, and resist swelling due to excessive moisture. This is very important especially when considering placing laminate wood flooring in bathrooms and kitchen. For these applications also consider a floor that has Paraffin wax impregnated joints. The Paraffin wax acts as a water repellent and will prevent topical water spills from penetrating down to the core. Also remember to scrutinize the warranty, as certain products are not covered for use in bathrooms and kitchens.
Glueless Laminate FlooringGlueless laminate flooring is the most common type of installation. This type of laminate has a locking mechanism called "click and lock." Glueless laminate is available in a wide variety of colors, designs, and imitation floor prints such as wood, stone, tile and bamboo.
Laminate Flooring with Attached UnderlayThis laminate floor type comes with an attached underlayment, usually foam or cork, which can help reduce sound transmission and/or provide moisture protection.
Glued Laminate FlooringIn glued laminate flooring, tongue–and–groove areas require special formulated glue in order to bond together. This is the original form of laminate and is rarely used in present–day construction.
Pre–Glued Laminate FlooringJust as its name implies, pre–glued laminate comes with glue already applied to all of the tongue–and–groove areas. Just wet the planks (to activate glue) and put them together. With this type of installation, a thin underlayment is typically needed to prevent the glue from sticking to the surface (substrate) and reduce the chance of moisture damage.
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